What Are Panic Attacks?

Panic attacks are intense episodes of overwhelming fear and anxiety that can be debilitating for those who experience them.

Panic attacks are believed to be primarily driven by dysregulation in the amygdala, a brain structure involved in the processing of fear and emotions.

However, panic attacks can also involve complex interactions with other brain regions and neurotransmitters. Two potential treatments for panic attacks are Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and Neurofeedback.

EMDR is a therapy approach that integrates elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with bilateral stimulation techniques, such as eye movements, sounds, or taps.

The underlying principle is that bilateral stimulation can help reprocess distressing memories or experiences that contribute to panic attacks. By targeting these memories, EMDR aims to reduce the emotional intensity and distress associated with them, leading to a reduction in panic symptoms.

Neurofeedback, on the other hand, is a form of biofeedback that focuses on modulating brain activity.

It involves monitoring the brain’s electrical activity using an EEG and providing real-time feedback to the individual. Through visual or auditory cues, the person learns to self-regulate their brain activity, specifically targeting patterns associated with panic attacks. By promoting more balanced and regulated brainwave patterns, neurofeedback aims to reduce the frequency and intensity of panic attacks.